Tellurium – Is There Enough?

Tellurium (te-LOOR-i-em) is an element discovered by Franz Joseph Muller Von Reichenstein, a Romanian mining official in 1782. His work was forgotten until 1798 when a German Chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth named the new element Tellurium and gave all credit for it discovery to Reichenstein.

Tellurium is element number 52 on the periodic table it is a semi-metallic, crystalline and brittle. It is usually found as a dark gray powder. Be wary when handling this element it can give a person a foul smell for a considerable amount of time.

The main supply source of tellurium is as a by-product of copper mining, approximately 90%. It is the rarest of all the by-product metals, with the exception of Gold. The amount of tellurium in the earth´s crust is about.005 ppm. There are estimates of 150-500 t annually produced. The amount produced is very difficult to verify. For example the USA, Australia, Belgium, China, Germany, Kazakhstan, Philippines and Russia do not report how much they mine or recycle each year for national security reasons. According to the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) the maximum possible annual production would be no more than 1,600 t per year. The global market for tellurium is miniscule compared to the copper market in turn this gives little incentive to the mining companies to invest in better, more efficient ways of extracting it.

The uses of tellurium include alloying component, semi-conductors, photo-diodes, solar cells, blasting caps, optical storage (CD-RW), computer memory (RAM), pyrotechnics, glass, ceramic paints and thermoelectric cooling devices. The largest use is as an alloying component to steel, aluminum, copper, tin and lead. It is used to improve the machinability of steel and copper.

The most exciting use of tellurium is in photovoltaic cells made from thin films of cadmium telluride. These solar panels are cheaper in cost per watt of electricity generating capacity than the traditional silicon panels. The firms making these solar panels will need approximately 80-100 t of tellurium per gigawatt of photovoltaic cell production. As stated earlier the annual production estimate is 150-500t. That means that the solar industry itself could use up most of the world´s production of tellurium in the coming years. There is serious debate as to whether the amount of global supply can meet the need of the solar industry. For example in July 2009, India unveiled a US$19 billion plan to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020. Under the plan, the use of solar-powered equipment and applications would be made compulsory in all government buildings, as well as hospitals and hotels. It has been said that this initiative alone will use up all the world´s production of solar cells.

In 2004 you could purchase tellurium for $10 per kg. Then the solar industry came along and disrupted the market. In August 2011 the price is hovering around $360 per kg. I find this to be an exciting moment in history. We are seeing commodity prices rise all around us. The population of the world is exploding. The Chinese are tightening their grips on their supplies of rare technical and rare earth metals. There is a need for clean tech like never before and here we have an element in very tight supply. The next few years are going to be a very interesting time in the commodities market. I look forward to seeing where tellurium goes from here.

Leh & Ladakh: A Cocktail of Adventure Sports, Trekking Trails, Misty Valleys and Monasteries

Leh & Ladakh are one of the most stunning corners of India. These are the amazing lands of freezing winds and burning hot sunlight, cold desert in the rain shadow of the awe inspiring Great Himalayas. Globetrotters get mesmerized in the verdant surroundings of the place enhanced with misty valleys, lofty mountain ranges and fascinating landscapes.

Leh is the largest town, situated in Ladakh, which is known as the ‘land of high passes’, where you encounter some of the best scenery on this earth. The region is full of tourists’ delights with scenic beauty, Buddhist monasteries, rich culture & tradition, adventure sports, trekking trails, historical monuments & places, lush green fertile fields at a stretch backed by the jagged mountains, shimmering streams & rivers actually make this place a coldest desert of India. The region is fondly described as the Land like No Other.

Leh & Ladakh hosts the essence of Buddhism, where you can connect with your inner self, peace, harmony and the essence of Buddhism. The monasteries in the region are the repositories of Buddhist rich culture and religion. Sankar Gompa, Spituk Gompa, Hemis Monastery, Shey Gompa and Thiksey Monastery are some of the popular monasteries here.

Ladakh is called the ‘adventure capital’ of India because The geographical features, pleasant climatic conditions and high ranges of lofty mountains allures adventure enthusiasts to indulge themselves in enthralling sports. This place serves a cocktail of a string of adrenaline-pumping sports.

The thrilling and exciting sports here are simply incomparable. People can go for white water river rafting, mountain climbing, cycling, camel safaris, polo and archery under the guidance of the experts. The place is exactly the dream place for the trekking. Trekking on the breathtaking routes is such a fun loving activity.

In this region there are many breathtaking viewpoints including the Leh Palace, Stock Palace Museum and many low-roofed houses. During the visit the tourists can also enjoy splendid frozen rivers, snow clad peaks and high passes. Tso-Moriri, Tsokar and Pangong Tso Lakes, are the most picturesque elements of the region. The Gorgeous Pangong Lake in Ladakh is the highest salt water lake in the world and is a place of hypnotic natural beauty.

The cultural entourage of Leh & Ladakh, shines in its mosaic fairs and festivals. Don’t miss to participate in the colorful Buddhist festivals including Hemis festival, Sindhu Darshan, Ladakh festival, Losar festival etc. All these festivals are celebrated with great pomp, show and interesting dramas and dances on traditional music.

There are a number of outdoor markets in ladakh where tourists have the pleasure to buy all kind of stuff. One can spend hours in the market. The most popular and selling item in Ladakh are pashmina wool cloths, wall hangings, jewellery, hand woven carpets and rugs etc.

Last but not least there is much more to explore in terms of food in leh ladakh, momos, Chhupri, Tigmo, Butter Tea, Qahwa, steamed dumplings stuffed with vegetables or meat are the main items of ladakhi cuisine. Some famous restaurants offers international cuisine as well – Continental, Italian, Chinese, Israeli.

So be ready to enjoy the next holiday at Leh and Ladakh.

Kerala Holidays – Holidays in the Lap of Nature

A mesmerizing holiday would certainly mean away from the pressures of everyday lifestyle, just comforting and living every moment to the packed with joy. The great blend of nature and the excellent man-made luxuries can make your holiday a wonderful & unforgettable time of your life. How would it be if you could get up in the morning with the sweet twittering of birds and watching out of your window there is luxuriant jade greenery everywhere that meets your eyes and heart? Thinking about such kind of destination to celebrate your holiday in India? What about Kerala – God’s Own Country? Yes, it is Kerala that has it all and a lot more. A mesmerizing holiday in the lap of nature straight out of our dreams is what this charming and peaceful destination promises.

Undoubtedly, Kerala is one of the top beautiful tourism and holiday destinations in the world. It is rated by National Geographic Traveler as one of the 50 must visit destinations of life. Endowed with superb nature beauty and luxuriant jade greenery, it is truly a paradise on the earth. It is beautiful destination for vacation with charming combination of charming beaches, charming hill stations, charming lush plantations, charming valleys and charming backwaters. The serene and scenic backwaters make a great value addition to its scenic beauty. There is a gorgeous hill station called Ponmudi near the state capital Trivandrum noted for beautiful meadows. Kovalam, Varkala and Poovar are world famous beach destinations in the state which are situated at the very short distance from Trivandrum.

Beaches of Kerala are very ideal for all forms of vacations such as family vacation and honeymooning vacation. Beypore, Fort Kochi, Alleppey, Mararikulam, Cherai, etc are other popular beaches in the state which are ideal locations for holidays in Kerala, God’s Own Country. Besides beaches, there are many backwaters destinations in the state which are noted for peaceful holidays in the lap of nature. Alleppey, Kumarakom, Fort Kochi, Trivandrum, Thiruvallam, Kuttanad, Kollam, Kozhikode, etc are popular backwater destinations in the state. And vacationers can enjoy the best of backwater tourism by exciting and luxury houseboat cruise over the serene and scenic waterways. Houseboat stay is itself a unique experience of holidays in God’s Own Country – Kerala.

Munnar, Wayanad, Periyar, etc are some other popular destinations in the state which are known for making holidays the lap of nature. Refreshing air and soothing ambiance make these nature abundant destinations very popular among vacationers. Munnar is perhaps the most popular hill station in the state you will love to visit on your tours to Kerala, God’s Own Country. It is noted for refreshing air, soothing ambiance, lush plantation and diverse flora & fauna. Due to superb nature beauty, it is often referred to as the Kashmir of South India. Wayanad is simply beautiful gifted with extraordinary nature. Periyar is too blessed with nature beauty and noted for Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and beautiful lake called Periyar Lake. In short, Kerala Holidays promise vacationers for a wonderful opportunity to celebrate their vacations in the lap of nature which is extraordinary and beyond any description.

The Vulture is a Patient Bird

Lots of people are getting fed up looking at their cash earning next to nothing on deposit. Yes, it seems to make sense to hang on and just sit on the money, and yes, it is nice to have survived all the possible troubles so far, but hey, the boredom of it all!

A friend of mine phoned me recently saying that he is slowly going nuts waiting for some action. I smiled and told him “You mean you are itching to invest into some currency but are scared to take the plunge, right?”

“I guess” he said, waiting for me to come up with a suggestion without having to make it look like he was fishing for advice.

If the urge to get some currency action is strong enough and the feeling of sitting on non working money is unbearable, that is a situation which needs careful handling. One must not get into a state like an alcoholic who craves for a drink, or a gambler who needs to have a bet for the sake of having a bet.

It is not very easy to fall in love with any currency these days. However, it is not hard to feel jittery about holding one type in particular, namely Sterling. Lately, when I think of GBP,I see an acrobat wobbling on a tight rope with no safety net below and a strong gale approaching. Now, getting rid of it, means one has to get into another currency. Personally, I have the feeling that of late, the USD is beckoning and saying “Hey, come and get me before it is too late”. It does not mean that many people do not have a different opinion. This is just as well, since any market needs a buyer and a seller.

It does not need a lot of imagination to come to the conclusion that the USA will be the real first to come out of the recession. Equally, it does not need a lot of imagination to realize that it cannot be possible for GBP to be prodded up for ever or ride on the back of this or that sentiment or risk appetite. Somewhere along the line, all this has to be paid for in full. This will mean that the belt will have to be tightened, and whoever will tighten it, will not be too popular with the masses, as is invariably the case. But that of course, is another matter.

The weapons of opportunity have to be carefully maintained in tip top condition, as must be the knowledge of when and how best to use them to obtain maximum results. Everybody gets a chance to strike it right at least once, and I am sure many of you will admit you have had that chance, only to see it go out of the window due to being totally unprepared to grab it. This does not mean that one should consider dicey prospects. It is prudent to know when not to proceed, let go, and walk away.

With all this in mind, I phoned my friend saying that if the need was so great as to have to get into some action, then I would get rid of my pounds pronto, and get into dollars. I would not expect miracles immediately, but I would expect to go forward in style in due course. The game is not for tame little birds, it is more for vultures. They have a knack for spotting prey, but we know a vulture is a patient bird.

Tourism and Terrorism

Tourism is a relatively new phenomenon in the history of mankind. It appeared as such in the 19th century, when many people began to travel for pleasure and entertainment. From that moment on it has played a major role in the public life. It became possible for a lot of people to travel abroad and to get acquainted with other countries. But since then a certain negative aspects of social life have hindered the development of Tourism. One of them is terrorism. Tourism and terrorism can’t coexist in one place at the same time. On the contrary, countries where mass terrorist acts occur are not visited by many tourists and their tourist industry is in recession. A typical example in this relation is Israel. The country lies on the Mediterranean coast and has a very pleasant climatic conditions for mass recreational and cultural tourism(there are many historical sites and monuments), but the constant political tension and instability,the numerous suicidal attacks on public buildings, murders etc repel tourists. In their minds the name ‘Israel’ always will be associated with these things. Feeling threatened to loose their lives they will avoid this destination or visit it rarely. Similar example are the countries in Norther n Africa where a strong Islamic fundamentalism exists. Terrorism has a strong negative impact even in countries where there is a stable political system and strong traditions in the field of democracy. The collapse of the two twin towers in USA at 11th September 2001 was a major hit for the economy of USA and its tourism. The fear of more terrorist strikes caused many tourists,who intended to visit USA to cancel their trips. That reflected and enhanced the effect of the economic slump, which followed.

Statistical research reveals,that tourists react very sensitively to such calamities when making their choice of a tourist destination. A single terrorist attack can have a strong influence in a tourist spot or a whole tourist country. Where terrorist actions take lives of tourists the recovery of tourism is very difficult. . In Spain the renewed terrorist activity of the Basque separatists,deviated many tourists to the neighbouring destinations. The freedom of movement and restricted visa limitations for tourist travelers make it easy for terrorists disguised as tourists,to penetrate in a a certain tourist spot. A fresh example of that kind of terrorism is Egypt. Two years ago a bus full of tourists visiting the Pyramids was blown up by suicide terrorists,which merged with the crowd. As a result of that the tourism demand for Egypt dropped dramatically and the whole image of the country as a tourist destination was ruined. All these examples come to show how destructive the international terrorism may be not only for tourism but the whole economy and reputation of the country on the international stage.

That is why an international cooperation in the field of politics is needed to offset the negative consequences and if possible to prevent any future terrorist acts. The war against terror demands collective efforts of governments of all states and strong coordination between them. This will allow the terrorism to be rooted out from our modern society once and for all.

The Quickest Way to Make Money – Earning $5000 Dollars a Day

Humans have a natural, inbred desire to hunt and gather. We are just built that way and 100 million years of evolution created the way we are. In today’s civilized society, money has become the representational value of our hunt and gather lust.

Consumerism itself is just a modern day version of hunting down a Sabertooth tiger and proudly presenting its skin on the cave walls or home so all who come can see how well you hunt. Gathering or collecting, especially money, appeals to our sense of security and power.

The quickest way to make money is to gather it, that would equate to saving it. But the even quicker way to make money is to have it tumble in all by itself, on auto pilot. This is a new phenomenon and is an extension of our wish to gather what we value in abundance.

In the 1500’s banking was invented and the idea of interest and compound interest was created to satisfy one of the humans most basic urges. To gather what we value without having to constantly go out and get it. This is what interest and compound interest is. Even the bible talks about compound interest (I believe) when it states, “to he who has much even more will be given unto him, while he who has little will lose even the little he has”

Earning $5000 dollars a day is a simple matter if you are prepared to do the work. If your mind is stuck in the wage slave mentality, you may find it hard to imagine how this sort of wealth could be achieved. However, if you understand how time leverage works and can develop a system or a concept that can make you even a few dollars a day without you having to go out and gather it every day, but instead it comes to you on it’s own, then in that creative act you have the seed to manufacture a $5000 dollar a day income.

The Art Of Getting Rich- Attract Enormous Wealth

Money is what drives us to work. It is the most powerful tool which runs the world and without which no human being can survive. When it comes to money it’s all about the numbers. The more the numbers the richer you would be. Most portion of the population on this planet belongs to the middle income group and the least part to the high income group or the rich group. Getting rich is an art no so easy but neither is it impossible to master. Wealth building process can be a piece of cake if you get on the right road under proper guidance. Therefore who to look for or learn from when it comes to money making? Read on to learn how you can be rich too.

Understand the value of money – The very first step to becoming rich is to understand the real value of money and what it stands for. Money is the medium for exchange of goods and services. The more you have it the more resources you can purchase and enjoy. Therefore you need to learn to love money to attract more of it. It does not mean that you have to act greedy but understanding the value of money.

Let it come to you – You should make a plan by which money would come to you instead of you having to go after money. Don’t chase money rather let it chase you. Now what do I mean when I let money chase you? Well simply get on a plan whereby money comes to you automatically that is on auto pilot. It implies that you do not need recurring action or work to produce wealth rather make a system by which it comes to you automatically on a recurring basis. Get into the kind of work whereby not much action is required such as the stock market or the forex business or any other such opportunity which offers recurring income at minimal efforts.

Learn from rich people – This is the best and the easiest way to get rich quick. This process is fairly simple. Pick a person who is already successful in terms of money and follow the steps followed by him. Yes it is as simple as that just do the same things he did. This has been known to work 99.9% of the times as the tricks have already been tested and applied by the person in concern and would most definitely work.

Wealth is a mindset – Remember that getting rich is a mindset and you have to believe it to achieve it. Right attitude is very important when it comes to making money and getting rich. You will encounter many setbacks and bumps on the road. But if you have the right mindset and attitude success is not far away.

Five Strategies to Increase Your Income

  1. Find a coach or mentor and expand your network. One of the quickest ways to increase your income is to change the people with whom you spend the majority of your time. It is often said that if you take the median income of the people with whom you spend the majority of your time, that number will serve as an accurate predictor of your income. Forming mentoring relationships and networking with individuals who have achieved a higher level of financial success will expand your knowledge and expose you to new investment ideas and unprecedented opportunities to build wealth.

  2. Get paid what you are worth. If you are an employee, that means going after higher-paying jobs in your industry. If you are a business owner, that means going after larger clients and deals. It is important to make sure your time is directly aligned to where the lion’s share of your income either is or is going to be, and to make sure that you are doing the most important activities every day that will change the condition of your life or business financially.

  3. Reduce your expenses. Cutting your expenses is an easy but significant way to boost your net income. You can increase your income by thousands of dollars by consolidating your long-term debt and reducing your interest rates; doing comparison shopping and buying products in bulk; purchasing consolidated services; and doing a better job of budgeting and planning to reduce late fees, bounced check fees and penalty fees.

  4. Buy assets that produce income. By keeping your expenses low and investing in income-producing assets such as rental real estate, tax liens, dividend-paying stocks, options on stocks and corporate bonds, you can generate a stream of passive income that over time will replace your earned income from a job, allowing you to retire years or even decades earlier.

  5. Start a business to increase your income and tax deductions. A small or home-based business can be very profitable and can also save you thousands of dollars through tax deductions every year. You can work with your accountant to take advantage these deductions now by adjusting your withholdings to immediately boost your take-home pay.

Remember, it only takes a little bit of intelligent thought and action to make a big difference in your bottom line.

Handling an Itchy Penis on Vacation

Summertime is the season when people like to pick up and take off for a while, whether on a vacation to a different continent or just to a nearby county. A vacation is an excellent way to relax and forget about the woes and worries that beset a guy at work and at home. But some woes – like an itchy penis – don’t necessarily stay at home. Practicing proper penis care can help address the itchy penis issue while enjoying a vacation

Identify the cause

The first step is to see if there is a cause for that itchy penis before leaving on vacation. Is it jock itch? Eczema? A reaction to the chemicals in the laundry detergent? If a man is able to identify what is causing his itch, he can take some definite steps to relieve it – and perhaps make it go away before he even embarks on his vacation.

Bring what is needed

But sometimes a cause isn’t easily identifiable – or a man may simply have sensitive skin that is prone to itching. In such cases, it helps if a man brings supplies to help prevent an itchy penis while traveling.

Generally, a man travels with certain essentials: toothbrush, deodorant, etc. To help avoid an itchy penis, he may want to consider the following as well:

– Soap, shampoo and lotion. Yes, it’s true that one of the nice things about going to a hotel is knowing that they supply these essentials. But a man with sensitive penis skin may regret using hotel supplies. They may contain chemicals (especially fragrances) that may not be “in sync” with his penis skin needs. Even if a man uses shampoo and conditioner only on the hair on his head, it often drips down to other body parts, and contact with the penis can spark discomfort. The same goes for body or hand lotions; applying unfamiliar products to the penis can be risky.

– Shaving materials, too. By the same token, it pays to bring along his own shaving cream or gel, razor and aftershave – and that’s especially true if manscaping the penis is involved. Using a new, never-touched razor is perfectly fine, but never use another person’s razor when manscaping.

– Protection. One of the pleasures of a vacation for a guy traveling alone is the opportunity to make new friends. Of course, if a guy ends up in bed with one (or more) of those friends, he needs to pack plenty of protection. Assuming he is not allergic to latex condoms, it’s okay to buy condoms while on vacation – but beware of any with “add-ons” (such as fragrance or spermicides) which may irritate the penis skin. And be sure to purchase a condom that fits properly; those that are too tight or too loose can cause skin irritation during vigorous activity, leading to irritation and itchiness.

– Plenty of underwear. Some guys skimp on the underwear, assuming they can do laundry on vacation. The problem is that they often end up using bar soap or whatever detergent a vending machine has – and that may mean inviting harsh chemicals in. Some guys also opt to go commando, which has its perks, but sensitive penis skin may get irritated and that often leads to prolonged itchiness.

Perhaps most importantly, help keep an itchy penis at bay on vacation by bringing and regularly using a high level penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Search out a crème that is heavy on the hydrating capability, preferably one with both a high-end emollient (such as Shea butter) and a natural hydrator (like vitamin E); skin that is well moisturized is less likely to itch. For even better results, find a crème that also contains vitamin C, which is noted for its role in giving penis skin tone and elasticity.

Fun Facts About Harare Culture

Likewise every country and city of the world, the art, culture and entertainment of Harare greatly show off the traces of colonial rule. Apart from this, it also transforms an overview of the city’s art and culture. Shopping, restaurants and nightlife make up the different modes of entertainment in the city. Harare art centers are called the stony sculptures also known as Zimbabwe sculptures. The meanings of the word ‘Zimbabwe’ stands for great stone house. In accordance with the change in times Harare art has also inherited the modern techniques. Besides sculptures, there are also different unique characteristics in textiles, pottery, carvings, basketry and jewelry also make up the art of Harare. This unique form of art and culture of Harare differentiates this city in particular and people from different parts of the world travel to this city by booking their cheap flights to Harare.

Beside that Harare possesses a variety of different interesting culture e.g.

  • Woodcarvings
  • Brass and leather art works
  • Sculpture work
  • Paintings
  • Pottery
  • Ceremonial and religious headgear and dress

This all seems to be so unique and interesting for people belong to the rest of the world and this inspires the tourists to travel these interesting places and explore as much as they can, so all over the world people make their reservations for cheap flights to Harare and enjoy their trip.

Quite similarly Harare has some Folklore and traditional religion which co-relates her with rest of the African countries. For example it is considered that according to a Pygmy myth, Chameleon when hears a strange noise in a tree, open its trunk and a flow of water came out in the shape of a great flood that scatters all over the land and sometime causes some sort of destruction as well. People come across through these areas to visit these people and their traditions and search for their cheap flights to Harare. Beliefs like, First man on earth in fact a couple was emerged out of water, a charitable man gives each and everything which he possesses and in return God blesses him with riches, and let off his anxiety are all beliefs and old customs which are somehow a part of their culture.